Acne Disorder & Treatment
Acne is one of the commonest skin disorder in both males and females. It manifests itself prior, during or after puberty due to the hormonal changes in the body. Unlike acne during pregnancy, puberty, and menstrual periods, frequent acne breakouts are described as abnormal and require treatment.
Acne occurs once the dirt, oil, and dead skin cells clog the pores hence creating a localized infection or pimples. There are a variety of acne treatments, but the right treatment must be developed after;
- Ascertaining the cause of acne
- Ascertaining the acne type
- Taking precautions among others
While acne may be a genetic condition in some individuals, other causes of acne breakouts include excessive oil (sebum) in the pores, bacteria, harsh skin products, medications and so on.
Types of Acne
Blackheads and whiteheads are the commonest lesions while other inflammatory lesions are;
Pustules- these are pus-filled pimples
Papules- these are small raised bumps and occur due to an infection in the hair follicles.
Cysts- these are very painful and large found beneath your skin
Nodules- these are painful and solid bumps
Acne is mostly considered a minor issue, but it is important to pay attention to frequent acne breakouts and the extent. Extended acne breakouts all over the face, neck, back, and the shoulders may point to underlying medical conditions that require immediate treatment.
Talk to your doctor for a proper diagnosis and devise the right treatment for your acne and the underlying medical issues.
Acne Treatment Approaches
Preventing acne and treating it is one of the easiest things to do. Once you have an acne prone skin or an oily skin, precautions can help you alleviate your acne. The possible forms of Acne Treatment in India include;
Various forms of topical medications such as gels, creams, and lotions can help you treat acne. The treatments can be obtained from pharmacies, cosmetic shops (Over the Counter). The best acne treatments must comprise of;
- Benzoyl peroxide
- Salicylic acid
These will control sebum production, eliminate bacteria, and fight inflammation. They will also help you eliminate blemishes or pigmentation.
A mask or a facial scrub will provide more positive results.
In case counter treatments fail to provide the desired results, it is time to check with a dermatologist or a cosmetic surgeon. Severe acne leads to scarring that can distort your beauty forever. A trained cosmetic practitioner will help you eliminate both acne scars and the acne. Clinical treatments mostly take the form of therapy and it includes;
- Laser & Photodynamic Therapy
Laser therapy is aimed at reducing the amount of bacteria on the skin and it also has a positive effect on the acne infection.
- Chemical Peels
Chemical peels are known for their excellent results since they penetrate to the different layers of the skin. A chemical peel will be selected depending on the type of acne and the extent of scarring.
This procedure will unclog pores and clear your acne. During the process, the upper skin layer is removed, thereby clearing your skin.
- Surgical extraction
Whiteheads and blackheads can minimally be extracted from your skin, but one may realize scarring and also foot a large amount of acne treatment cost in India in case of severe acne.
- Steroid Injections
Steroid injections work on nodular and cystic lesions. The drug is directly injected into the pimples to eliminate them.