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Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia

Male Breast Reduction/Gynecomastia

The enlargement of male breasts characterized by excess glandular tissue, fat, and skin is medically known as Gynecomastia. More than 50% of male adults in India are affected by this enlargement of the breasts that is hardly corrected by diet and physical exercises. The fact that one has Gynecomastia, he may have to battle with body insecurities since it renders the chest to appear awkward.

Causes of Gynecomastia

Young boys or boys advancing into the puberty stage or those in puberty male witness enlarged breasts due to hormonal changes. Even though big breasts in babies are completely normal, an adult or a boy above 10 years must get concerned as this may indicate other medical conditions. Common causes of gynecomastia include;

  • Genetics
  • Increased female hormones, like estrogen and prolactin
  • Hormonal imbalances (low androgens, LH, and testosterone)
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Drugs such as antibiotics, diuretics, and antidepressants
  • Narcotics, such as heroin and marijuana
  • Poor diet (fats, proteins, and lipids)
  • Use of anabolic steroids

Approaches of Gynecomastia elimination

Of course, a physical examination can help you observe the fact that you have gynecomastia, but you will have to inquire from a trained plastic surgeon or a medical practitioner for an in-depth checkup.

Grading of gynecomastia
A professional plastic surgeon will have to categorize and make a proper evaluation of the male breasts before embarking on treatment. Grading of gynecomastia is done as per the following;

  • Grade 1 -Minor enlargement, No skin
  • Grade 2 – Moderate enlargement, No excess skin
  • Grade 3 – Moderate enlargement, excess skin
  • Grade 4 – Marked enlargement with excess skin

Diagnosis
The best plastic surgeon at our clinic has several approaches to gynecomastia diagnosis. These include

  • Evaluating the breast tenderness, volume, shape, and size
  • Blood tests
  • An ultrasound

Treatment
Diet & Physical Exercises
Diet alterations and physical exercises are some of the immediate treatment approaches for gynecomastia before a male opts for a Gynecomastia surgery in India.

Endocrinology
This is a medical branch where endocrinologists examine the endocrine system, which is responsible for the secretion of hormones in the body. Anti-hormonal drugs may be used, but males are cautioned about their numerous side effects.

Surgery for Male Breast Reduction
Surgery remains the only option to eliminate male breasts once they occur. Hormonal therapy, diet, and exercises may not have a significant effect on the male breasts once they are enlarged due to the glandular tissue.

A gynecomastia surgery involves the removal of the excess glandular tissue. The surgeon will also remove the excess fat and skin in case present. Liposuction is the commonest way of removing fat from the different parts of the body, after which the surgeon will sculpt the chest.

During the surgery
The gynecomastia surgery is absolutely a noninvasive surgery, but in case the size and the glandular tissue are extremely big, another technique known as Infra-mammary is used in which an incision is made below the breast

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The Conventional method of Gynecomastia surgery

In this commonly used method of gynecomastia treatment, an incision is made around the areola and the over-sized glandular tissue is removed together with the nerves and blood vessels.

Depending on the surgery, local or general anesthesia is used and the procedure may last between 2-3 hours

It is an outpatient procedure

The surgery cost

The surgery cost highly differs from one patient to another in terms of the gynecomastia grade, surgeon, clinic and so on. Therefore, the gynecomastia surgery cost in India can only be ascertained after a visit to the plastic surgeon.

After the Procedure

  • Discharge will occur, but the chest will perhaps be covered
  • Compression garments may be recommended
  • No exercises are recommended after the surgery
  • One ought to take the medications as prescribed

Visit our renowned clinic for any of male breast reduction issues for natural results.

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